Boris Mesits, KE8JLB, is a student at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, and is a member of their SEDS Club (Students for the Exploration and Development of Space). He visited us at the RSOC in early January 2019 for some help with an experiment the SEDS Club would be conducting that would be riding aloft on a weather balloon. Here are two links to two previous blog posts about the project:
The purpose of the experiment was to take photos from high altitude and record background radiation levels at the changing altitudes during the flight. Specifically, he needed help with the APRS system that would be included on the flight package that would enable them to track for balloon flight real-time, and to hopefully recover the system after descent. We were able help Boris fashion a suitable antenna for the APRS transmitter.
The launch occurred on Saturday, March 30, 2019. It appears all facets of the experiment were successful. Here are some particulars of the flight:
First Plot: 1317L, Alt 515’, Speed 19 MPH, Course 018 Deg
Max Altitude: 1610L, 93,400’, Speed 37 MPH, Course 059 Deg
Max Speed: 1440L, 48,242’, Speed 77 MPH, Course 077 Deg
Final Plot: 1649L, 3,458’, Speed 29 MPH, Course 025 Deg
Distance – Launch to Max Altitude: @ 92 miles
Distance – Max Altitude to Final Plot: @ 22 miles
Distance – Total: @ 114 miles
Following is a summary from Boris. Be sure to check out the photos, radiation data graphic, and APRS.FI images from the flight at the end of the article. Also, check this link out to a video summary of the event …very well done!
The APRS-strategy for balloon tracking turned out to be a good one.
After launching at about 1:15 pm, we chased the balloon down Interstate 85 for a couple hours, stopped for lunch, and then resumed shortly before the balloon descended. We had some scary moments with a sensor not working at launch, but it came online later in the flight.
Those who were tracking the balloon saw that it transmitted a final APRS packet at about 3,400 ft altitude – it must have lost line of sight to all nearby stations. At this point, the four of us chasing in the car were about 15 miles south of the balloon. We drove to roughly the point of last transmission so that we could stop and do some back-of-the-envelope calculations about where it landed. We knew the decent rate of the balloon from APRS, so we roughly knew the time it took to fall from its last transmission. Combined with the latest groundspeed value (also from APRS), we estimated a location and drove there.
My friend, who also has an amateur license, had an antenna and SDR extension for his laptop. Now I’ve only been mingling with the ham community for a relatively short time, but I’m still surprised I had never heard of these things – they’re pretty awesome. He pulled out his laptop, configured the SDR, and sure enough, we could see a weak signal at 144.390 MHz appearing every minute, unmistakably a sign of life from the balloon capsule.
The next couple hours were spent driving around Virginian countryside, trying to heed to abundant “No Trespassing” signs, knocking on a door, talking to a local – trying to find a stronger reception. We weren’t much closer to finding it, but suddenly my friend’s SDR software was able to decode an APRS packet directly. Of course, the packet contains the GPS position, so suddenly our search radius dropped from several miles to a few hundred feet.
The GPS information indicated the balloon was transmitting a few hundred yards from a road, beyond an empty field in some woods. We searched for almost 2 hours in some pretty thick undergrowth, getting a really strong signal. It was right on top of us, but we couldn’t see it. The sunset, and we were walking back to the car when somehow one of us spotted the thing in the fading light.
The GPS location wasn’t terribly accurate, about 400 feet off, so we definitely had to play the Marco Polo game as we closed in. By this I mean the game of walking in a random direction, checking whether the signal strengthened or weakened, and repeating. What an easier time we would have had with a directional receiver antenna!
All things considered, we were very pleased with the performance of the balloon telemetry.
Of course, I have to mention the integral role the Anchorage Radio Club played in our project. The antenna and accompanying wisdom I found at the club really moved the project forward light years. Thank you for your support and enthusiasm along the way!
Stay in touch,
Kent Petty, KL5T